The sky in Delhi is starting to fade again. Until last month, the stars that have been seen shining in the sky, their brightness has faded and the sunlight is dying. For those who have an idea of the earth and the sky in Delhi and the National Capital Region, this situation is conflicting. It usually happened around Diwali.
This is the current situation, so what will happen next month? In her mind, the memories of November 2019 are vivid in horror. In the flowering days the air quality reached a critical level and the government had to take steps to ban activities like brick kilns, crushers, diesel generators, building construction etc. The situation deteriorated so much that schools had to declare holidays. Trains arrived late in the morning and planes hovering over Delhi skies had to move to other cities. The fog that always haunts Delhi proved fatal for newborns and young children as well as the elderly. This time, the weather in Delhi and the National Capital Region has started getting worse since the beginning of October. The Ministry of Earth Sciences says the situation is due to burning of straw in Punjab, Haryana and border areas. Panicked people are questioning whether it will further increase the incidence of corona.
Unfortunately the answer is ‘yes.’
I share some research work with you. Researchers at Harvard University studied coronavirus deaths and hazardous particulate matter (PM) 2.5 present in the air and found that covid mortality in the United States due to air pollution increased by eight percent. Germany’s IZDA Institute of Labor Economics, based on a study, claims that the Netherlands has shown a link between more air pollution and the rapid spread of Covid-19. Accordingly, the death rate in Corona due to air pollution was found to be up to 21 percent. A study in northern Italy further said that deaths due to covid due to air pollution were accelerated.
However, the WHO has emphasized the process of these studies and their data, investigations.
Needless to say, there have been a large number of deaths from covid in these three countries. About two and a half million people died in the United States, 336,000 in Italy and more than 700 in the Netherlands. The number of victims in India has reached close to 5 lakh and so far 1 lakh, 13 thousand people have lost their lives. Our situation has improved now, the death rate has come down to 1.5 percent. There is no doubt that the state governments as well as the Center have fought a fierce battle with Corona. In the last week of March, when it became clear that the epidemic had hit India, we had no hospitals or labs or trained health workers. Nevertheless, our system was not ready to give up without a fight. You can still remember the picture of that hospital in Mumbai, which shows how a corona patient is sharing a bed with a dead person. Epidemic graphs are falling in India today, but these air pollution figures warn that the epidemic may return.
However, 7 million people in the world die every year due to air pollution. The reason for such a large number is that pollution multiplies heart, lung, cancer and respiratory diseases. According to the World Air Quality Report published last year, we are the fifth most polluted country in the world. Not only that, 21 of the top 30 most polluted cities in the world are in our country.
The question is why this catastrophe is getting stronger year after year. Despite the stern directives of the Supreme Court, I want to give the example of Haryana and Punjab to show how serious our government is in this regard. Every year crocodile tears flow that straw is burning here, the High Court said it should be stopped, but the fight between the Center, the state government and the farmers is ongoing. The reason is that most of the harvesting in these two areas is done by machines. These machines collect crops about a foot above. As a result, the bottom of the field remains. Farmers complain that it costs five to six thousand rupees per acre instead of burning them. The solution to this problem is ‘rice straw chopper’, but it costs about one and a half million. Although the government subsidizes it a lot, the farmers are indifferent. State governments are saying that the cost of harvesting the crop will be borne by the central government and the central government is cutting the supply of machines at a reduced rate.
The question is, are our rulers solving this problem or complicating it?
In fact, our government is more interested in treating Marge than treating the patient, so their solutions are immediate. For example, diesel generators have been banned in Delhi-NCR. In the coming days, the devastation of nature will increase further, then the arrangements of the past years will be repeated. It is possible that schools closed in the capital due to corona may not be open for a month or two, suspended flights should be stopped and every work should be banned, which causes dust or smoke. This immediately shows some benefits, but the main problem will remain the same as all the activities that have been disrupted for several months now are being unlocked while this situation will give another push for the economy.
This is the habit of Indians and also we find hope in the dark darkness of despair, so one hope to go is one Supreme Court Justice (Retd.) Madan Bhimrao has also assigned Lokur to oversee the hay work. There are many instances when careless politicians have been shown to be attentive for fear of being whipped by the court. Why should we expect improvement in this case too?
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